Comparative Philosophy

Program description:

The program is designed to give students an in-depth understanding of contemporary philosophic perspectives on the major topics, problems and trends in cross-cultural, regional and global philosophy. The program offers an integral idea of the genealogy, modern development and theoretical and methodological problems of comparative philosophy. It seeks to promote, conceptualize and critically analyze the ways and mechanisms of philosophic intercultural dialogue between Russian, European, North and South American, Arabic and other traditions. This is a unique program which combines several goals: on the one hand, it theoretically reconsiders the very foundations of comparative philosophy taking it to an up-to-date analytic level. On the other hand, it provides an applied implementation of contemporary cross-cultural methodologies to the analysis and understanding of various regional philosophic traditions. The MA program pays specific attention to such areas within comparative philosophy as hermeneutics, ontology, ethics, the philosophy of history, civilizational studies, gnoseology, intercultural and transcultural philosophy, philosophy of gender, etc.

The uniqueness of the program is in the following:

In the conditions of the globalizing world and its many challenges, from social structural asymmetry to ecology, from gender inequity to inter-religious and interethnic conflicts, it becomes crucial to reconsider the idea of human unity in diversity on more up-to-date grounds. This would mean primarily to question the established practice of taking the uniqueness of particular philosophic cultures to assimilation and appropriation by the Western philosophy with its categories and concepts. Our program attempts to carefully formulate philosophic grounds of the new architecture of the human world which is in the making, a world where at last the coexistence and dialoging of many worlds would become possible.

The interdisciplinary character of the M.A. program enables multilateral and diverse discussions by combining different experiences and theoretical perspectives. Our approach is grounded in the idea of critical understanding of multicultural, intercultural, trans-cultural and transnational factors in the shaping of contemporary global philosophic encounters and dialogues. The program is based on the assumption of the multiple locations of knowledge production. In our innovative program we aim at questioning the habitual use of the Western philosophy as the absolute starting point and the only comparative criterion for the study of other traditions and trends. Therefore the program balances a careful attention to the major phenomena in contemporary Western thought with due emphasis on Russian, Muslim, Chinese, Latin-American and other traditions.

The program includes the following necessary disciplines:

  • Theory and practice of argumentation;
  • Computer technologies in research and education (in philosophy) ;
  • Russian language (scientist);
  • The latest trends and directions of philosophy;
  • Modern conceptions of epistemology;
  • Social philosophy and contemporaneity;
  • European philosophy at the end of XX-th — beginning XXI-st century: theories and ideas;
  • Philosophy of culture: Russian studies of the XIX-th and early XX-th century;
  • Archetypes of philosophic cultures: East and West;
  • Contemporary studies in Indian philosophy;
  • «Russian idea»: history and contemporary.

Upon the completion of study and successful thesis defense the graduates are assigned a degree of the Master of Philosophy.

Entry Requirements:

A B.A. or a Specialist degree (confirmed by a Federal diploma), entrance examinations, fluency in English.

Graduates’ qualifications:

The program is geared toward both students who plan to continue their studies in philosophy at a doctoral level, and students who intend to teach at high schools and colleges or study philosophy for other purposes such as to work in mass-media, NGOs and other intercultural communication areas, connected with the development of inter-cultural and inter-civilizational dialogue and interaction. The MA program provides training in competence in interdisciplinary areas relevant and valuable to many professions. It develops the analytical and critical skills which are essential for anyone interested in understanding the key issues and forces that drive the modern multicultural world. These skills will be advantageous for employment or for further academic career.

Training Field:
47.04.01 "Philosophy"

Faculty of Humanitarian and social sciences

Period of training:

  • 2 years (contract)

Head of the Program and contact person:
Prof. Nur Kirabaev
Professor; Vice-Rector Peoples' Friendship University of Russia

Phone: +7 (495) 433-20-00